The GreenTouch association was formed “to find new approaches for energy efficiency and to invent radical new technologies that will be at the heart of sustainable networks in the decades to come.” Concretely, the group “aims to create the technologies needed to make communications networks 1,000 times more energy efficient than they are today.” The networks specifically targeted are the Internet and those that support communications, commerce and entertainment. GreenTouch is also an excellent example of a successful partnership involving different types of establishments, in this case academia, industry, government and non-profit research institutes, working together in a common goal. What’s more, the founding organizations hail from across the globe and include AT&T;, China Mobile, Samsung, MIT Research Laboratory for Electronics, France Telecom, Swisscom, Portugal Telecom, and the University of Melbourne’s Institute for a Broadband-Enabled Society. Recognizing that today’s networks are geared to performance and not to energy efficiency and that their entire architecture and design must be changed to be optimized for both, the GreenTouch Initiative has been launched “to invent the technologies that can achieve sustainable networks” for the future.